Contracts can be an essential part of freelancing as a graphic designer, but when you’re starting out, it’s not always clear what you must include.
Here’s a look at how established freelancers are conducting their businesses, how I’m currently dealing with potential clients, and a mention of some valuable graphic design contract resources.
How others deal with client contracts
I read a page on the Q&A section of LinkedIn, where Michaela Shuett asked what should be included in graphic design contracts.
Jen Giacalone responded with the following contract benefits:
“…it helps both you and the client to outline exactly what to expect of one another. Also important to consider is who has ownership of the work. I typically give the client ownership in my contracts but have a clause that says I am free to display any non-sensitive work (including unused ideas) in a portfolio.”
— JEN GIACALONE
Felonice Margasak recommends the Graphic Artists Guild Handbook: Pricing & Ethical Guidelines. You can purchase it through Amazon, and it contains many sample contracts.
Designer Jeff Fisher chimed in…
“Always make use of a contract — to protect yourself and define the project details for the client. If a potential client won’t sign my project agreement they won’t be a client. Mine is customizable to the specific project requirements — and can be found at the link below…
Signing on the dotted line”
— JEFF FISHER
BoDo (Business of Design Online) kindly allow you to download their own information in PDF format: Download free forms, from BoDo.
How I’m dealing with potential clients
When potential customers contact me, I make it clear that a 50% downpayment is required in advance, with the remainder to be paid upon completion of the work, and just before final artwork is supplied. Disregarding use of a contract, this method helps in two ways:
- It provides necessary reimbursement for the time allocated towards researching, brainstorming, sketching etc. before the client will receive initial logo design options.
- It makes a statement to those potential customers who expect something for nothing i.e. spec work.
Although I’m in the process of drafting a form, I don’t currently have a set contract in place. Instead I clarify time frames, costs, and deliverables with clients through a number of emails before the design project commences. It’s possible to further streamline my design process, and part of the reason behind this blog post is to learn from you.
How do you deal with freelance design contracts?
If you have your own contracts available for others to view, or if you’re willing to share stories of success / failure — with or without using contracts — please leave a comment or send me a message. Do you use a contract? Have you been burned without using one?
I’ll compile your design contract tips into an upcoming contract resource, linking back to your website in the process.
Update: 07 April 2009
I’ve published your tips: graphic design contracts — your advice.
In the meantime, here are some useful links.
Graphic design contract resources
- How to write a contract for a graphic design business, from About.com.
- Web / graphic designers’ contracts, agreements and forms, from All Graphic Design.
- Contract basics: getting the client to sign on the dotted line, by Christopher Gee on Creative Latitude.
- Graphic designer contracts, forms and agreements, from Outlaw Design Blog.
- Never work without a freelance design contract, from About.com.